Okwenza Amehlo Akho Adinge Amasikimu Ophelele Wombala wePhalethi… Futhi Lapho Ungawenza Khona

Amasikimu we-Palette Wemibala Ehambisanayo

Ubuwazi ukuthi empeleni kukhona isayensi yezinto eziphilayo ngemuva kokuthi imibala emibili noma ngaphezulu ihlangana kanjani? Angiyena udokotela wamehlo noma udokotela wamehlo, kodwa ngizozama ukuhumusha isayensi lapha kubantu abalula njengami. Ake siqale ngombala ngokujwayelekile.

Imibala Iyimvamisa

Ihhabhula libomvu… angithi? Hhayi, hhayi impela. Imvamisa yokuthi ukukhanya kukhonjiswa futhi kukhishwe kanjani ebusweni be-apula kuyenza itholakale, iguqulwe ngamehlo ethu njengezimpawu, ezithunyelwa ebuchosheni bethu lapho sikhomba khona ukuthi "zibomvu". Ugh… lokho kubuhlungu ekhanda ngicabanga nje ngakho. Kuliqiniso nokho… umbala kumane ukukhanya kokukhanya. Nakhu ukubuka kwesibonisi se-electromagnetic nobubanzi bemibala ngayinye:

Umbala ne-Electromagnetic Spectrum

Lokhu yikho kanye okwenza ukukhanya okumhlophe okukhombe etiyeleni kukhiqiza uthingo. Okwenzeka ngempela ukuthi i-crystal ishintsha imvamisa yobude besilinganiso sokukhanya njengoba kukhanya kukhanye:

Prism
I-crystal prism ihlakaza ukukhanya okumhlophe ngemibala eminingi.

Amehlo Akho Angokuthola Imvamisa

Iso lakho limane nje liyisitholi semvamisa sobubanzi bamaza ombala ku-spectrum kagesi. Ikhono lakho lokuthola imibala lenzeka ngezinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zama-cone odongeni lweso lakho axhunywe emithanjeni yakho ye-optic. Ibanga ngalinye lemvamisa litholwa ngezinye zalezi zinhlayiyana, bese lihunyushelwa kusiginali kumthambo wakho we-optic, othunyelwe ebuchosheni bakho, lapho kutholakala khona.

Wake wabona ukuthi ungabheka isikhathi eside entweni ehluke kakhulu, ubheke eceleni, bese uqhubeka nokubona isithombe sangemuva esingafani nemibala yokuqala obukade uyibhekile? Ake sithi yisikwele esiluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka odongeni olumhlophe:

Ngemuva kwesikhashana, amangqamuzana esweni lakho acubungula ukukhanya okuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka azokhathala, enze isignali ayithumela ebuchosheni bakho ibe buthakathaka kancane. Njengoba leyo ngxenye yesibonwa esibukwayo icindezelwe kancane, uma ubheka udonga olumhlophe ngemuva kokugqolozela esigcawini esiluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, uzobona isithombe sangemuva sewolintshi esidangele. Lokho okubonayo ukukhanya okumhlophe okuvela odongeni, kukhishwe okuncane okuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, okwenziwa ubuchopho bakho njenge-orange.

Umbono Wombala 101: Ukwenza Imibala Ehambisanayo Kukusebenzele

Uma lokho kukhathala kungenzekanga, amehlo ethu nobuchopho akudingeki basebenze kanzima ukuhumusha ama-wavelengths amaningi (isb. Imibala) ababonayo.

Umsindo Obukwayo Uma uqhathaniswa neHarmony

Masenze ukufaniswa komsindo kuqhathaniswa nombala. Uma ulalele amaza amaningi namavolumu angahambelani komunye nomunye, ubungacabanga ngawo njengo umsindo. Lokhu akufani nombala, lapho kutholakala khona ukukhanya, ukungafani, nombala ngumbono ezinomsindo noma ezihambisanayo. Ngaphakathi kwanoma iyiphi indlela yokubuka, sifuna ukusebenzela ukuzwana.

Kungakho ungaboni okungeziwe ngemuva kwe-movie egqoke ihembe elibomvu ngokugqamile. Futhi yingakho abahlobisi bezangaphakathi basebenza kanzima ukuthola imibala ehambisanayo ezindongeni, ifenisha, ubuciko, nezinye izici zegumbi abaliklama. Umbala ubaluleke kakhulu ekwakheni isimo esivakashelwa isivakashi lapho singena kuso ngokuya ngokuthi kulula kangakanani ebuchosheni bazo ukuhumusha imibala.

Your iphalethi yombala kulingana nokuhlanganisa iqembu ngokuvumelana okuhle. Futhi njengoba nje amazwi nezinsimbi kuhlanganiswe eduze ziqondanisa ivolumu nobuningi… kanjalo nemibala ehambisanayo yombala wakho wombala. Idizayini yombala wephalethi iyindlela yobuciko yochwepheshe abaye balungisa kahle ukuthola kwabo umbala, kepha kuyisayensi yezamakhompiyutha futhi ngoba amaza wokuncoma angabalwa.

Okuningi ngokuvumelana maduze… ake sibuyele kumbono wombala.

Imibala ye-RGB

Amaphikseli angaphakathi kobubanzi bedijithali ayinhlanganisela ebomvu, eluhlaza noluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka. Okubomvu = 0, okuluhlaza = 0, nokuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka = 0 kuboniswa njenge white futhi okubomvu = 255, okuluhlaza = 255, nokuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka = 255 kubonakala njenge black. Konke okuphakathi nendawo umbala ohlukile owakhiwe yilaba abathathu. Izisekelo eziyisisekelo zokufaka umbala ohambisanayo zilula kakhulu… vele ukhiphe amanani we-RGB kusuka ku-255 wenani elisha le-RGB. Nasi isibonelo:

Umehluko kule mvamisa yokukhanya phakathi kwewolintshi noluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka uqhelelene ngokwanele ukuthi uqhathanisa, kepha hhayi kude kangangoba kunzima emehlweni ethu ukuwuhumusha. Amaza ombala ayahambisana futhi ayajabulisa kuma-receptors ethu!

Ukwenza ikhompyutha ngombala owodwa kulula… ukusebenzisa ikhompiyutha ngemibala emithathu noma ngaphezulu ehambelana nayo kudinga ukuthi ubale amanani alinganayo phakathi kwenketho ngayinye. Yingakho ke ama-generator wesikimu sombala wephalethi ngena kahle! Ngokubala okumbalwa kakhulu okudingekayo, lawa mathuluzi angakunika imibala eminingana ehambisanayo.

Wheel Wheel

Ukuqonda ubudlelwano phakathi kwemibala kubonakala kahle ngokusebenzisa isondo lemibala. Imibala ihlelwe ngombuthano ngokususelwa kwimvamisa yayo ehlobene. Ibanga le-radial ukugcwaliswa kombala nokuma kwe-azimuthal embuthanweni njengombala wombala.

Wheel Wheel

Iqiniso: USir Isaac Newton waqala wakha iColor Wheel ngo-1665, okuyisisekelo sokuhlola kwakhe ama-prism. Ukuhlola kwakhe kwaholela kumcabango wokuthi obomvu, ophuzi noluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka kwakuyimibala eyinhloko okuvela kuyo yonke eminye imibala. Inothi eliseceleni… uze wasebenzisa “amanothi” omculo embala ngamunye.

Ngihlomise ngeHarmony…

umbala wombuthano we-newton

Izinhlobo Zemibala Ehambisanayo

Ubudlelwano obuphakathi nokuthi isethi ngayinye yemibala yokuncoma ibalwa kanjani baziwa njenge ukuvumelanisa. Nayi ividiyo yokubuka konke enhle:

Izici ezahlukahlukene zihlotshaniswa nohlobo ngalunye:

  • Ukufana - amaqembu emibala asondele komunye nomunye esondweni lombala. 
  • Oku-monochromatic - amaqembu atholakala ku-base hue eyodwa futhi enwetshiwe kusetshenziswa izithunzi zayo, amathoni, namathinti.
  • Uthathu - amaqembu emibala ahlukaniswe ngokulinganayo azungeze i- umbala Isondo
  • Kuyahambisana - amaqembu emibala aphikisanayo esondweni lombala.
  • Ukuhlukana Okuhambisanayo - ukwahluka kokuncikene lapho okusebenzisa imibala emibili esondelene nomphelelisi.
  • Unxande (iTetradic) - Usebentisa imibala lemine lehlelwe ngababili labahambisanayo
  • Square - ifana nonxande, kepha ngayo yonke imibala emine ihlukaniswe ngokulinganayo nxazonke kumbuthano wombala
  • Ikomidi - Umbala nemibala emibili esondelene nombala wayo ohambisanayo
  • Amathunzi - ukulungiswa kwe-tint (ukwanda kokukhanya), noma umthunzi (ubumnyama) wombala oyinhloko.

Lezi akuzona izingqikithi ezizithobayo, yizibalo zangempela zezibalo ezinamagama amahle asetshenzisiwe asisiza ukuthi siqonde kangcono izibalo.

Ama-Generator weScheme Wombala

Usebenzisa i-generator yesikimu sombala wephalethi, ungathola inhlanganisela yombala enhle, ehambisanayo efana nale:

Imvamisa ngisebenzisa ama-generator wesikimu sombala wephalethi lapho ngisebenza kumasayithi amaklayenti. Ngoba angiyena uchwepheshe wemibala, lawa mathuluzi angisiza ekukhetheni kangcono izinto ezinjengezizinda, imingcele, imvelaphi yezinyawo, imibala yenkinobho eyinhloko neyesibili. Umphumela uba yiwebhusayithi ejabulisa kakhulu iso! Kuyisu elicashile, elinamandla amakhulu lokusebenzisa ekwakhiweni kwakho kwanoma yini - kusuka kwisikhangiso kuye kuwebhusayithi yonke.

Nawa ama-generator wesikimu sombala wephalethi amahle ku-inthanethi:

  • I-Adobe - ithuluzi elihle elinemibala efinyelela ku-5 lapho ungahlola khona izinhlobo ezahlukahlukene, wenze ukulungisa, futhi ugcine ngisho netimu yakho kunoma imuphi umkhiqizo we-Adobe.
  • BrandColors - iqoqo elikhulu kunawo wonke lamakhodi ombala womkhiqizo asemthethweni azungeze.
  • Canva - layisha isithombe futhi bazoyisebenzisa njengesisekelo sephalethi yakho!
  • Colllor - khiqiza iphalethi yombala wewebhu engaguquguquki ngokuchofoza okumbalwa nje. 
  • Umklami Wemibala - Vele ukhethe umbala noma usebenzise imibala ekhethiwe kusengaphambili bese uhlelo lokusebenza lwenza okunye. 
  • Umbala wokuzingela - ipulatifomu yamahhala nevulekile yokuphefumulelwa kombala ngezinkulungwane zamaphalethi ombala akhethwe ngesandla asesitayeleni
  • Umbala wokubala umbala - khiqiza iphalethi yombala ye-Instagram ukuyenza ibe mnandi ngokwengeziwe.
  • Colormind - i-generator yesikimu sombala esebenzisa ukufunda okujulile. Ingafunda izitayela zombala ezithombeni, kuma-movie, nakubuciko obudumile.
  • Isikhala sombala - vele ufake umbala owodwa kuya kwemithathu bese ukhiqiza ezinye izikimu!
  • Ikhodi enemibala - umuzwa opholile impela wesikrini odala iphalethi yombala wakho ngezitayela eziningi zokuvumelana ngakwesobunxele.
  • COLOURlovers - umphakathi wokudala lapho abantu abavela emhlabeni wonke benza futhi babelane ngemibala, amaphalethi, namaphethini, baxoxe ngamathrendi wakamuva, futhi bahlole izindatshana ezimibalabala.
  • Coolers - dala iphalethi ephelele noma ugqozi ngezinkulungwane zezikimu zombala ezinhle.
  • Isikhi Sombala Wedatha - Sebenzisa isikhethi sephalethi ukudala uchungechunge lwemibala eyiyo equidistant ebonakalayo
  • I-Kroma - isebenzisa i-AI ukuze ifunde ukuthi imiphi imibala oyithandayo futhi yakha amaphalethi ukuze uthole, useshe, futhi ulondoloze.
  • wedizayini - dala, wabelane, futhi usebenzise izikimu zombala ze-UI yakho. Kuza nokukhishwa kohlelo lwakho lokusebenza!
  • Imibala kaMuzli - engeza igama lombala noma ikhodi, bese ukhiqiza iphalethi enhle.
  • I-Paletton - khetha umbala oyisisekelo futhi uphefumulelwe.
  • EVeranda - thola ugqozi ngamathani ama-palettes ombala amangalisayo. 

Umbala nokufinyeleleka

Uyacelwa ukuthi ukhumbule njengoba unquma ukuklama uhlelo lwakho olulandelayo lwephalethi ukuthi kunabantu abaningi abanokukhubazeka okubonakalayo nokushoda kombala okudinga ukuxhumana nokuhlangenwe nakho kwakho.

  • Phawula umehluko owawukhona phakathi - Umbala ngamunye ozimele une- ukukhanyisela. Imibala yokumbondelana nezinto ezisondelene nayo kufanele ibe nokukhanya okukhanyayo okulinganiselwe okungu-4.5: 1 ukuze abantu abanokukhubazeka okubonakalayo bakwazi ukuhlukanisa. Ngeke ngidlule enkingeni yokuzama ukubala ama-ratios ngokwakho, ungahlola isilinganiso sakho semibala emibili nge Kuyabukeka, Qhathanisa Izilinganiso, noma I-Coloursafe.
  • Iconography - Ukugqamisa insimu ngokubomvu akusizi umuntu onenkinga yombala. Qiniseka ukuthi usebenzisa uhlobo oluthile lomlayezo noma isithonjana ukubazisa ukuthi kunenkinga futhi.
  • Focus - Abantu abaningi bazulazula ngamakhibhodi noma abafunda izikrini. Qiniseka ukuthi isikhombimsebenzisi sakho sakhiwe kahle ngakho konke ukumakwa kokufinyeleleka kwabo ukuze basebenzise isayithi lakho. Kubantu abanokukhubazeka okubonakalayo, ukusetshenziswa kwesikhala esimhlophe kanye nokukwazi ukwandisa noma ukunciphisa osayizi befonti lapho kungonakalisi ukwakheka kubalulekile.

Ingabe ungungoti wamehlo? Isazi sombala? Isazi sokufinyelela? Sicela uzizwe ukhululekile ukunginika noma yisiphi isiqondiso sokuthuthukisa le ndatshana!

Ukudalula: Ngisebenzisa izixhumanisi ezihambisanayo kule ndatshana.

UCABANGANI?

Le sayithi isebenzisa i-Akismet ukunciphisa ugaxekile. Funda ukuthi idatha yakho yokuphawula isetshenziswa kanjani.